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Table of Contents


"Philosoprical Furnaces"; First Part. Of the Structure of the First Furnace.;
The Second Part. Wherein is described the Nature of the Second Furnace.;
The Third Part. In which is described the Nature of the Third Furnace. ;
The Fourth Part.In which is described the Nature of the Fourth Furnace.;
The Fifth Part.In which is treated of the wondereful Nature of the Fifth Furnace.;
Translated by Chris Packe.
407 pages.
R.A.M.S. 1983.
(GLAUBER / FURNACE: .doc, .pdf).
[Original R.A.M.S.: Complete Works, the - Glauber, Rudolph - 2800 pages, US$336.00*]

Table of Contents:
"Philosoprical Furnaces." p.19
A Preface to the Courteous reader. p.19
First Part. Of the Structure of the First Furnace. p.23
Of the Receivers. p.24
Of the subliming Vessels. p.26
The manner of Distilling. p.26
How the Spirit of Salt is to be distilled. p.33
Of the use of the Spirit of Salt. p.37
A distillation of Vegetable Oils, whereby a greater quantity is acquired, than by that common way, by a Vesica. p.39
The clear Oil of Mastick, and Frankincense. p.40
The Quintessence of all vegetables. p.45
The Quintessence of all Metals and Minerals. p.45
A sweet and red oil, of metals and minerals. p.46
The Oil, or Liquor of Gold. p.46
Oil of Mars. p.47
Oil of Venus. p.48
Oil of Jupiter and Saturn. p.49
Oil of Mercury. p.49
oil of Antimony. p.50
The flowers of Antimony, White and Vomitive. p.52
The flowers of Antimony diaphoretical. p.54
Of the External use of the Corrosive Oil of Antimony. p.54
The Oil of Arsenic and Auripigmentum. p.55
Oil of Lapis Calaminaris. p.55
The use of the Oil of Lapis Calaminaris. p.57
Of the Extrinsecal use of the spirit of Salt in the Kitchen. p.59
How an acid spirit, or vinegar may be distilled out of all vegetables, as herbs, woods, roots, seeds, & etc. p.61
The spirit of paper and linen cloth. p.63
The spirit of Silk. p.64
The spirit of mans hair, and of other animals, as also of horns. p.64
The spirit of vinegar, honey, and sugar. p.64
How spirits may be made of the salt of tartar, vitriolated tartar, the spirit of salt tartarisated, and of other such like fixed salts. p.66
And so is the Lac Virginis, and the Philosophical Sanguis Draconis made. p.67
The spirits, flowers, and salts of Minerals and stones. p.68
How minerals, and metals may be reduced into flowers, and of their virtues. p.68
Of Gold and Silver. p.69
Flowers of Iron and Copper. p.70
Flowers of Lead and Tin. p.71
Of Mercury. p.72
The flowers of Zink. p.72
The Use. p.72
Flowers of Antimony. p.74
The Second Part. Wherein is described the Nature of the Second Furnace. p.81
Of the Structure of the Second Furnace. p.81
The way or manner to perform the Distillation. p.83
How to make the Acid Oil and the volatile of Vitriol. p.86
Of Vitriol. p.87
The Use and Dose of the Narcotick Sulphur of Vitriol. p.89
Of the Use and Virtue of the volatile spirit of Vitriol. p.89
Of the virtue and use of the corrosive oil of Vitriol. p.91
How to make the Vitriol of Mars and Venus. p.91
The way to make a fair blue Vitriol out of Luna. p.92
Of the sweet oil of Vitriol. p.101
The preparation of the sweet oil of vitriol. p.104
The use and Dose of the sweet oil of Vitriol. p.106
Of the Sulphureous volatile and Acid spirit of common Salt, and of Allon. p.109
The manner of preparing. p.109
Of the sulphureous voltaile spirit of Minerals and metals, and of their preparation. p.110
The preparation of the volatile spirits of Metals. p.110
The preparation of the volatile spirit of Minerals. p.110
Another way. p.111
The spirit of Zink. p.111
The volatile spirit of the dross of Regulus Martis. p.111
How to make a white acid, and a red volatile spirit out of Salt Nitre. p.112
Of the use of the red volatile spirit. p.113
The use of the white acid spirit of salt nitre. p.113
Aqua Regis. p.114
The preparation of Aurum Fulminans, or Aurum Terrestrams. p.115
The use of Aurum Fulminans. p.121
The use of the Tincture of Gold. p.124
Of the flores of Silver and of its medicine. p.124
Of the use of the crystals of silver. p.126
How to sublime the Crystals of silver into flores, and then to make a good Medicine of the flores. p.126
How to make a green oil out of Silver. p.128
The use of the green Liquor in Alchemy, and for Mechanical Operations. p.129
Besides Physick or physical use. p.130
A medicine out of Copper externally to be used. p.131
A medicine out of iron and Steel. p.131
Of Tin and Lead. p.132
The use of the Crystals of Lead and Tin. p.132
Of Mercury. p.133
Of Aqua Fortis. p.137
Of the Sulphurised Spirit of Salt Nitre. p.139
Of the Clissus. p.139
Of the Tartarised spirit of nitre. p.141
Of the Tartarised spirit of Antimony. p.141
Of Stone-coles. p.142
Of the Sulphureous spirit of salt nitre or Aqua fortis. p.143
Of the Nitrous spirit of Arsenick. p.143
To make a spirit of Sulphur, crude Tartar and Salt nitre. p.144
To make a spirit out of Salt of Tartar, Sulphur, and Salt-nitre. p.144
How to make a spirit of saw-dust, sulphur and salt nitre. p.145
To make metallical spirits and flores by the help of salt-nitre and linnen cloth. p.146
Of Gun-powder. p.146
How to make a spirit of Gunpowder. p.149
Of the use of the Medicine or Tincture of Gunpowder. p.152
To make spirits and flores of Nitre and Coals. p.154
To make flores and spirits of flints, crystals or sand, by adding of coals and salt nitre to them. p.154
To make a spirit and oil out of Talck with salt nitre. p.155
To make a spirit, flores, and ol out of Tin. p.156
To make a spirit, flores and a liquor out of Zinck. p.156
To make a spirit, flores and oil of Lapis Calaminaris. p.157
To make a spirit of salt nitre, sulphur and common salt. p.158
To make a spirit, flores and oil out of salt nitre and Regulus Martis. p.159
To distil a Butrum out of Antimony, Salt and Vitriol, like unto that, which is made out of Antimony and Mercury Sublimate. p.163
To distil Butrum of Arsenick and Orpiment. p.163
To make a rare Spirit of Vitriol. p.164
To make a subtile spirit and pleasant oil of Zinck. p.166
To distil a spirit and oil out of Lead. p.167
To distil a subtile spirit and oil out of crude Tartar. p.169
The preparation and use of the spirit of Tartar. p.170
How to make precious spirits and oils out of tartar joined with minerals and metals. p.173
The use of the metallised spirit and oil of Tartar. p.174
Another way to make a metallised spirit of Tartar. p.179
To distil the spirit and oil of Lead and Tin. p.180
How to make a Tartarised spirit and oil out of Iron or Steel and Copper. p.182
How to make a Tartarised spirit of Mercury. p.187
How to make a tartarised spirit of Gold and Silver. p.188
To make a Tartarised spirit of Antimony. p.189
How to make good spirit and oils out of Pearls, Corals, Crabs-eyes, and other light solable stones of beats and fishes. p.198
To distil a spirit out of Salt of Tartar and crude tartar. p.199
How to get a powerful spirit out of the salt of tartar, by the help of pure sand or pebble-stones. p.200
How to extract a blood-red Tincture with spirit of wine out of the liquor of peddle-stones. p.203
The use of the Tincture of pebbles or flints in Physick. p.204
How by the help of this liquor out of Gold its red colour may be extracted so that it remains white. p.206
Another way to extract a good Tincture out of gold by the help of the liquor of sand and pebbles. p.213
What further may be done with the liquor of pebbles. p.215
How by the help of this liquor to make trees to grow out of metals, with thier colours. p.216
Of the spirit of Urine and of the volatile spirit of Salt Armoniack. p.218
The process or the manner of making it, is thus: p.220
Of the virtue and use of the spirit of Salt Armoniack. p.223
To distil a blood red oil of vitriol by the help of the spirit of urine. p.225
The Tincture of Vegetables. p.225
Vitriol of Copper.p.225
The Tincture of crude tartar. p.226
To make the oils or liquors of salts. p.226
To precipitate all metals with it. p.226
The oil and vitriol of Silver. p.227

To extract a red Tincture out of Antimony or common Sulphur. p.227
How to ripen Antimony and common Sulphur, so that several sorts of such smells, as vegetables have, arise from thence. p.228
Of the spirit and oil of Harts-horn. p.230
To make the spirit of mans hair an excellent medicine. p.231
Of the oil of Amber. p.232
Of the oil of Soot. p.233
How to make a good oil out of soot without distilling. p.233
Of the spirit and oil of Honey. p.234
Of the oil and spirit of Sugar. p.235
To distil an excellent spirit and a blood red tincture of corals and sugar. p.236
The spirit of Muste or new Wine. p.236
Of oil Olive. p.238
The use of the blessed oil. p.239
Of the oil of Wax. p.240
A Spirit good for the Stone. p.240
Of the spirit or acid oil of Sulphur. p.241
To the Courteous Reader. p.243

The Third Part.
In which is described the Nature of the Third Furnace. p.244
A Preface of the Copper Instrument and Furnace. p.244
Of Wooden Instruments that are to be used instead of Stills, Baths, and Cauldrons. p.245
There follows now the preparation of the vessel. p.249
The making of a wooden vessel for a Belneum, which is to be used instead of copper and leaden cauldruns for digestion, and distillation by glass vessels. p.250
A wooden vessel serving for boiling of beer, metheglin, vinegar & etc. as well as copper, iron, and tinvessels. p.251
A wooden vessel for a bath for sweet, or mineral water, which may be according as you please, kept warm, for the preserving of health. p.251
Of the use of wooden vessels in distilling, boiling, bathing, & etc. And first of the distilling vessel. p.252
And first of the preparation of the lees of wine, beer, hydrosel, and other drinks. p.252
Of the preparation of all kind of corn, as Wheat, Oats, Barley, & etc. which must go before the distilling of the spirit. p.253
Of the difference of malting. p.254
Of the fermentation of Malt. p.256
Of the fermentation of Honey. p.257
Of the preparation of Fruits, Seeds, Flowers, Herbs, Roots, & etc. p.257
An Annotation. p.258
The manner of distilling in general followeth. p.260
The manner of distilling Spices, Seeds, Flowers, Herbs, Roots, Woods, &etc. p.262
How Oils are to be coagulated into Balsomes. p.264
The manner of preparing follows. p.266
There follows now the use of the second wooden vessel, which is to be used instead of those of copper or lead, serving for distillations, digestions, extractions, and fixations. p.269
And first a vomitive extract. p.270
A purging extract. p.272
A Diaphoretical Extract. p.273
A Diuretical Extract. p.274
A Sonniferous Extract. p.275
A Cordial Extract. p.276
Of an odoriferous extract. p.277
Of Baths. p.278
Of a Bath of Sweet or common water. p.279
Of the nature, and property of natural Baths. p.280
And first of sulphureous Baths that have a subtil acidity. p.283
Now follows the mixture of those Subtile mineral, sulphureous, and salt spirits with water. p.285
Of Sulphur Baths. p.286
The use of the Copper Globe in dry Baths, which are more excellent than the moist in many cases. p.286
Now follows a wooden vessel which is to be used instead of a Cauldron in boiling of Beer, Metheglin, Vinegar, & etc. p.291

The Fourth Part. In which is described the Nature of the Fourth Furnace. p.294
Of making the Furnace. p.294
How minerals are to be tryed. p.300
Of the melting of mines and metals. p.307
Of the separation of metals. p.307
Of Separating the courser metals. p.311
What is to be held concerning the perfection of Metals. p.312
Another Demonstration by the dry way. p.322
Of the Philosophers Stone. p.330
Whether Minerals, Aas Antimony, Arsenick, Orpiment, Cobalt, Zinck, Sulphur, & etc. may be transmuted into metals, and into what? p.332

Another way of separating the superfluous Antimonial Sulphur. p.336
Of the tincture of Sol and Antimony. p.337
Another tincture and medicine of Gold. p.342
Of Looking-glasses. p.343
the metallick mixture for the matter of the Looking-Glass. p.346
Of the smoothing and polishing of looking-glasses. p.349
Of Artificial Gems, and Metallick Glasses. p.351
The colouring of the aforesaid mass follows, by which it is made most like to Gems. p.357
Of the preparation of the colours for colouring the mass of Flints and Crystals. p.358

The FifthPart. In which is treated of the wondereful Nature of the Fifth Furnace. p.364
Of the preparation of the Furnace. p.364
Of the Building of the Furnaces. p.367
A Lute for the erecting of Furnaces. p.368
Of the closing of the Joints, hindering the evaporation of subtile spirits. p.369
Another Lute for broken Glasses. p.370
How those subtil spirits when they are made, may be kept that they evaporate not. p.371
How glass stopples are to be smoothed by grinding for the retaining of spirits in their glass vessels. p.373
Of the making of the best crucibles. p.383
Of the vitrification of Earthen Vessels belonging to the first and second Furnace. p.392
Of the use of the aforesaid Cups. p.396
An Appendix. p.400

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